If left untreated, periodontal disease can cause complications, including tooth loss. At the practice of Bell Family Dental PC in Bayside, Queens, Frank Pappas, DDS, Dean H. Cherpelis, DDS, and their skilled team provide preventive care, treatment, and management of your gum disease to ensure optimal oral health. Call the New York City office or request an appointment using the online tool if you suspect you have gum disease or are at risk of developing it.
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is diagnosed when bacteria infect your gum tissue and the bone adjacent to your teeth. Periodontal treatment is necessary because if the disease progresses, it destroys the integrity of your teeth. Professional intervention can prevent the advancement of periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease usually first shows up as gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease. Suspect gingivitis if you have reddened, puffy gums that bleed readily when you floss or brush.
Gingivitis usually occurs due to poor oral hygiene. Certain people are more likely to develop gingivitis, including those who are:
Gingivitis is reversible with improved oral hygiene and regular professional cleanings.
If left untreated, gingivitis may lead to periodontal disease that needs treatment. The plaque that builds up on your teeth spreads below the gum line and irritates them. The gums start to separate from your teeth and form pockets that are vulnerable to infection.
Over time, the pockets get deeper, and the infection infiltrates the bone. This can lead to bone loss around the teeth -- so much so that the teeth become loose and must be extracted.
It’s possible not to know you have periodontal disease when it’s in its earlier stages. You’ll experience the most discomfort and pain when it’s in the most severe stages, and treatment is challenging. This is why you should make regular visits to Bell Family Dental PC a habit.
Periodontal therapy halts the progression of the disease and restores your tooth support. You may undergo scaling and root planing, during which a skilled technician scrapes and removes plaque and tartar from your teeth and root surfaces. Your teeth are then smoothed to prevent bacteria from regathering on your teeth. In some cases, your mouth may be numbed with a local anesthetic to make you more comfortable.
In serious cases, surgery, as well as bone and tissue grafts, may be necessary.
Prevent gum disease or get it treated in its earliest stages by calling Bell Family Dental PC or scheduling an appointment online.